Our God is in the heavens and He does as He wishes. – Psalm 115:3
The best way to explain God’s sovereignty is to say “God is in control”. There is nothing that happens in the universe that is outside of God’s influence and control. The word sovereign as an adjective has four definitions: 1) self governing; independent 2) having supreme rank or power 3) paramount 4) of superlative strength or efficacy. Each of these definitions work well to help us better understand our God. Because He is sovereign not just over everything but also in my life, I have a responsibility to bow before Him.
Before the mountains were born, before you gave birth to the earth and the world, from beginning to end, you are God. – Psalm 90:2
From before the beginning of time until the point where time no longer has meaning, God is. On the one hand God is timeless in that He existed outside of time, but on the other hand He is everlasting in that He exists throughout all time. Since everything within our understanding has both beginning and end, the fact that God is eternal is both a comfort and an incomprehensible wonder.
Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. – Hebrews 13:8
The theological term is immutable, but I’m not a big fan of that word. According to Webster immutable means, “not capable or susceptible to change.” Unchanging means “constant, invariable” and for me the simpler word is a better fit to what I understand of God from scripture. There are three ways in which we know God is unchanging. He doesn’t change His plans or purposes. (Psalm 33:11) He doesn’t change His promises. (Numbers 23:19) He doesn’t change in person. (Hebrew 1:10-12) Who God is, He always will be. What God says, He always will fulfill.
For God is Spirit, so those who worship Him must worship in spirit and in truth. – John 4:24
God is Spirit. The easiest way to explain this is to say what it is not, flesh and bones. Because God is Spirit He is invisible. Scripture says this at least six times. (ie Colossians 1:15) He is not subject to the limitations of human bodies. (Job 11:7) Because God is Spirit, we must avoid making images of Him. (Deuteronomy 4:15-16) We must also avoid thinking of Him as some shadowy substance of ghost. God is a very real person with a real existence.
Transcendent & Immanent
To whom can you compare God? What image can you find to resemble Him? “To whom will you compare me? Who is my equal?” asks the Holy One. – Isaiah 40:18,25
He is not far from any one of us. (Acts 17:27)
God is transcendent. He is above and beyond ordinary experience, comprehension, or material existence. God is immanent. We are able to experience, and know Him and He is inherent in our existence. Without Him we wouldn’t be. On the surface these to facts seem to contradict. That’s OK. In a way they do. I guess that part of the transcendence of God is that He is able to exist in paradox. The easiest way for me to think of it is that God is in but not of this world. He is here with us (immanent), but not a part of the stuff of this world (transcendent). When going through hard times, knowing He is near but greater than my world and my situation brings both comfort and confidence.
All things were made by Him, without Him nothing was made that has been made. – John 1:3
God is the Creator. This is true for all of creation in the beginning and God continues to create. Each of us He knit together in the womb and breathed life into us. (Job 33:4-6, Psalm 139:14-18) Not only were we made by Him, but for those who have adopted into His family, we have been recreated. (1 Corinthians 8:6, Ephesians 2:10) He has also created a new home for us and will ultimately create a new heavens and new earth. (John 14:2-3, Revelations 21:1-5) Because we serve the Creator of all things, we can confidently trust our lives to His care. (1 Peter 4:19)